DNA consists of biochemical building blocks called nucleotides of 4 different types: adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine (abbreviated as A, T, C and G). These nucleotides are lined up in a specific sequence forming long molecules called chromosomes. Every nucleus of a human cell contains 46 chromosomes, 23 which you inherited from your mother and another 23 from your father. With modern technologies such as “Next Generation Sequencing”, the sequence of these nucleotides can be read. It contains the basic information of how your body works.
Within the structure of the DNA we can identify patterns in the sequence, that are called “genes”. Humans have about 21.000 genes, which are distributed among the chromosomes. The sequence of each gene contains instructions how to make a protein, like for instance keratin, collagen, insulin, blood coagulation factors, digestive enzymes, etc.
Although 99,9 % of the genetic sequence is conserved among all humans, small variations make every individual DNA sequence unique. A difference in the sequence of a gene can produce a protein that is functioning different than in other people. That is why we are all different, with different hair, different skin, different body composition, different metabolism, different health concerns, etc.
Since the first human reference genome was published in 2001, the scientific community has been publishing their findings about genetic differences and consequences for the body. By comparing your personal genetic sequence with this data, we obtain information about how your unique body works. This way we can identify your stronger and weaker points and detect which genes are related with problems. The information allows us to determine the best personalized way for skin care, training, diet, nutrient requirements and to prevent health complications.
Because every individual is unique, a genetic test reveals the best way for you to improve life quality and achieve your goals. VERELST Genetics is among the first in the world to sequence the complete set of 21.000 genes.